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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The manuscript and title page are to be uploaded as separate files (.doc or .docx). Figures, if included, should be embedded in the text. However, high-quality version of the figures should also be uploaded as separate files (.jpg or .png).
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses).
  • The manuscript file has been anonymised (incl. the file name, the text itself, as well as the metadata).
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

JPHE welcomes submissions in the following categories:

  • Research articles and review articles (peer-reviewed)
  • Responses to previously published articles in JPHE (peer-reviewed)
  • Notes from the field: presenting ongoing empirical work (not peer-reviewed); max 3000 words
  • Book reviews (not peer-reviewed); max 3000 words
  • Interviews (not peer-reviewed); max 5000 words
  • Other

Preparing the manuscript (research articles, review articles, and response articles)

To ensure an efficient review process, authors should initially consider whether or not the manuscript fits within the scope of the journal. Please read about the scope of JPHE on the journal’s website and/or JPHE editorials. Also, note that by submitting a manuscript to JPHE, it is implied that it is not currently under consideration elsewhere, and will not be submitted for such consideration during the review process.

PLEASE NOTE that when you submit a manuscript to JPHE, along with the requested author information, JPHE will save the information in order to facilitate the review process and future contacts. Submitting a manuscript to JPHE thus implies that you consent to the submitted information being stored by JPHE. It will never be sold to or shared with outside parties.

Next, please follow the manuscript checklist below:

  1. Make sure the manuscript adheres to the formal requirements:
  2. a) It should be between 6,000 and 8,000 wordsin length (including references; but excluding abstract, author bios., and acknowledgements). If under 6000 words, or over 8,000 words, an explicit justification should be added. This can be done at the submission stage when providing "Comments to the Editor".
  3. b) Use Times New Roman 12 pt font with double spacing. Please include a 2-3 cm margin on the right-hand side of each page.
  4. c) The manuscript should have a coherent and functional reference system. This means that the reviewers and editors must be able to identify the sources relied upon. If accepted for publication, the author will be asked to revise the reference system in accordance with the guidelines below. (The journal’s reference system is based on APA 7th Edition.)
  5. d) See the ‘Style guidelines’ below for other formatting conventions.
  6. e) The manuscript must be properly anonymised. References to the author’s own work should be omitted, formulated in impersonal terms (e.g., do not write “See my article…”. Instead, simply write “For an example, see Agnafors (2017)”), or anonymous (e.g., using ‘Author (date)’). If using ‘Author (date)’, include only ‘Author (date)’ in the reference list, and place alphabetically in the list according to the word ‘Author’. Anonymising the manuscript also includes deleting any identifying metadata.
  7. f) The manuscript needs to have a title and an abstract of no more than 200 words. These should be included in the manuscript itself, as well as the Title page (see below). Avoid citations in the abstract if possible.
  8. Please prepare a separate title page to accompany your manuscript when submitting. It should contain the following items:
  1. Full title of the manuscript
  2. A copy of the abstract, no longer than 200 words
  3. Five keywords
  4. Complete author contact information (name, address, telephone, email, affiliation)
  5. Any acknowledgements that should be inserted before publication
  6. A short biography for each contributing author (max. 100 words per person)

Note: The abstract and title should also be included in the manuscript itself as per requirements in section 1.

  1. Please keep in mind that full legal responsibility for the content of the manuscript lies with the author. When submitting a manuscript to JPHE it is implied that the author has obtained the necessary rights to use material produced by others, and that the author has credited their sources in an appropriate manner.
  2. Please save the manuscript and the title page as .doc or .docx files. Note that other formats will not be accepted.
  3. Note that JPHE does not offer proof-reading or language support. Both are therefore the responsibility of the authors.

Submitting your manuscript

The manuscript and title page are to be uploaded as separate files. Figures, if included, should be embedded in the text. However, high-quality version of the figures should also be uploaded as separate files (.jpg or .png). Upon submission, the manuscript is given a unique manuscript number and undergoes an initial review to ensure that it fits JPHE’s scope and adheres to the formal requirements.

If the manuscript is deemed appropriate for the journal, two or more independent reviewers will be recruited. Their assessments will be critically analysed by the designated editor ('handling editor'), who will make a decision concerning the manuscript. The decision will be one of the following:

Accepted without changes

Accepted pending minor revisions

Accepted pending major revisions

Resubmit for review


If revisions are required, please ensure that the manuscript is revised in line with the Style guidelines below. In the case of manuscripts for which major revisions are required, the handling editor may send the resubmitted manuscript to the original reviewers for further review before a decision is made.

Style guidelines

See also JPHE’s Volume 1, Issue 1, article by Acker et al. (2019) as a guide (available for download on JPHE’s website).

Language and spelling – JPHE currently only publishes articles in English. Authors can use British, American, or Australian English as long as they are used consistently throughout the manuscript. Contractions are accepted when appropriate, but should in general be avoided. Standard abbreviations are acceptable.

Our preferred style is non-technical and with as little genre-specific jargon as possible; hence, authors should take care to express their ideas in a clear and succinct manner, and to explain any technical phrases used. Abbreviations should be explained at their first occurrence. Statistical analysis must be explained in a clear and non-technical manner.

Font – Times New Roman 12 pt, double spaced (for main text, notes, abstracts, title, reference list). Footnotes – 10 pt.

Heading levels –

First level

Second level

Before a first level heading, there should be two empty lines. After a first level heading there should be one empty line.

Before a second level heading, there should be one empty line. After a second level heading there should be no empty line.   

Quotations – single quotation marks are to be used for all direct quotations, unless the quotations exceed 40 words. (For quotations over 40 words, the text is indented, and no quotation marks are used). Double quotation marks are to be used only for quotations within quotations.

Italics – to be used for emphasis or foreign words. If mentioned in the manuscript, book titles and journal titles are also to be italicised. No text should be in bold or underlined.

Figures – Figures, graphic models, or similar should be included in the manuscript. However, they should also be submitted as separate files, using any of the common formats (.jpg, .png). Colour images or diagrams are not accepted.

Footnotes – use only when necessary. E.g., a footnote may be used to suggest further readings or to discuss possible counterarguments that are deemed potential but not obvious.

Referencing – JPHE’s referencing system is based on APA (6th Edition) with some minor simplifications.

Reference list –

  • A full reference list must be provided at the end of the text, under the heading ‘References’.
  • Please include DOI numbers for all references that have them.
  • References are to be listed in alphabetical order according to the first author’s surname.
  • References with two to seven authors: e.g., Linton, M., & Bath, D. (2015); all authors should be named in the reference list.
  • For references with more than seven authors: Include the first six authors’ names, then insert three ellipsis points, and add the last author’s name: for example,

Myers, J., Kaykha, A., George, S., Abella, J., Zaheer, N., Lear, S., ... & Froelicher, V. (2004). Fitness versus physical activity patterns in predicting mortality in men. The American Journal of Medicine, 117(12), 912-918.

Examples for different reference types:


Arnstedt, Marie (2015). The horrors of authoring scholarly articles. An empirical study.   Blackstone: Praxis University Press.

Journal articles

Olssen, M. (2016). Neoliberal competition in higher education today: Research, accountability and impact. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 37(1), 129–148.

Berkovich, I., & Benoliel, P. (2018). Marketing teacher quality: Critical discourse analysis of OECD documents on effective teaching and TALIS. Critical Studies in Education. doi:10.1080/17508487/2018.1521338

Internet sources

Arnstedt, M. (2017). How does one author a scholarly article? Retrieved 2018-07-22 from

Edited books

Arnstedt, M. (Ed.) (2012). The wonders of authoring scholarly articles. Blackstone: Praxis University Press.


Arnstedt, M. (2012). Authoring scholarly articles: A brief guide. In M. Arnstedt, The wonders of authoring scholarly articles (pp. 31–-67). Blackstone: Praxis University Press.

Enders, J., de Boer, H., & Leišytė, L. (2009). New public management and the academic profession: The rationalisation of academic work revisited. In J. Enders & E. de Weert (Eds.), The changing face of academic life (pp. 36–57). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

In-text citations –

  • References authored by four or more authors should be presented using et al in the main text from the first instance (not italicised).
  • Several works by the same author/s from the same year are to be distinguished using a, b, c etc.
  • If using a revised or later edition, the year of the first edition should be given first, followed by the year of the later edition.
  • References to sources produced by groups or institutions are to be given with the name of the organisation behind the work, followed by the year of its first publication.

            In-text citation examples

* …the effects on the community are immense (Kant, 1781/2012; Dworkin & Butler, 2008).

 * …this was clearly intended (Brighton, 1989, p. 255).

* …as has been argued elsewhere (Anderson et al., 1967; Anderson, 2002).

 * …which has been strongly argued by John Farmer (Farmer, 1999; 2001a; 2001b). 

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